top of page

Litter D - The Space Explorers

Each fall, Ian & I try to head south to escape winter in Alberta.  From the ranch near Bergen it is just about 24 hours driving to our winter home in Cottonwood, Arizona.  We travel almost due south through Montana, Idaho, Utah and Arizona.

This year, our friend, Ken Bell was helping me with the drive, hauling 3 horses and our 2 adult Entlebuchers.  Nakita came into heat just before we left home and Nelson was a bit crazy in the truck!

I had recently made contact with a new male in Aspen, CO that was qualified to breed.  It would requre just a short detour to meet Rama and his owner.  I expected to come back in a week or more for the actual mating.

But that's not how dog breeding works.  On the day of our planned meet up, Nelson was particularly vocal.  We put Nakita into the trailer for part of the trip to provide a little sanity.  What a surprise we had when we arrived at Crescent Junction, UT.  This was no ordinary gas station at a minor intersection!

JackAss Joe's is famous - try googling it  And for good reason.  Painted neon green and black, with huge printing, the front display is almost scary!  Ken decided to brave the UFO zone and went inside to purchase some Armadillo Hot Sauce, which turned out to be excellent.

Although Rama was new to breeding, he didn't take very long to get interested and figure out the logistics.  Nakita was obviously ready and very receptive to his moves.

JackAss Joe may have been focused on the UFOs but these pups will definitely be identified!  But we had to use this auspicious location to name our litter.  What better theme than Space Explorers?

Since humans began exploring space, the USA and Russia (USSR) have been major players.  We plan to name the puppies after the space programs through the years.  

You can expect to see some of the following names on the D Litter Puppies: Sputnik, Explorer, Vostok, Voskhod, Gemini, Soyuz, Apollo, Luna, Skylab, Salyut, Space Shuttle, Mir, Buran and Mercury, Voyageur, Pioneer, Courier, Mariner,  Sojourner, Hubble and James Webb.

aspen detour.png
jackass Joes.PNG

1st Satellite with radio transmission in space,
           1957 - Sputnik

1st solar powered communications satellite,
           Courier 18, 1960

1st chimpanzee in space, 1961 - Mercury-Redstone 2

1st successful planetary fly-by, Venus, Mariner 2, 1962

1st successful Mars fly-by, Mariner 4, 1965

1st rendezvous of manned spacecraft, Gemini 6A & 7, 1965

1st man on the moon, 1969, Neil Armstrong, Apollo 11

1st spacecraft to leave the inner solar system, Pioneer 10, 1972

1st successful Uranus fly-by, Voyager 2, 1986

1st satellite telephone service, Iridium 1, 1997

Sputnik - a series of space explorers that began with Sputnik I, the first artificial earth satellite, launched by the Soviet Union on October 4, 1957.  

Sputnik means 'Satellite-One'. The Russian word for satellitesputnik, was coined in the 18th century by combining the prefix s- ('fellow') and putnik ('traveler'), thereby meaning 'fellow-traveler', a meaning corresponding to the Latin root satelles ('guard, attendant or companion'), which is the origin of English satellite.

It sent a radio signal back to Earth for three weeks before its three silver-zinc batteries ran out. Aerodynamic drag caused it to fall back into the atmosphere on 4 January 1958. 

It was a polished metal sphere 58 cm (23 in) in diameter with four external radio antennas to broadcast radio pulses. Its radio signal was easily detectable by amateur radio operators, and the 65° orbital inclination made its flight path cover virtually the entire inhabited Earth.

Explorer - a series of satellites launched by the United States, beginning with Explorer I on January 31, 1958.  

Explorer 1 revolved around Earth in a looping orbit that took it as close as 354 kilometers (220 miles) to Earth and as far as 2,515 kilometers (1,563 miles). It made one orbit every 114.8 minutes, or a total of 12.54 orbits per day.

The satellite itself was 203 centimeters (80 inches) long and 15.9 centimeters (6.25 inches) in diameter. Explorer 1 made its final transmission on May 23, 1958.

It entered Earth’s atmosphere and burned up on March 31, 1970, after more than 58,000 orbits. The satellite weighed 14 kilograms (30.66 pounds).

Mercury - the first human space flight of the USA in 1958

Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States, running from 1958 through 1963. An early highlight of the Space Race, its goal was to put a man into Earth orbit and return him safely, ideally before the Soviet Union. Taken over from the US Air Force by the newly created civilian space agency NASA, it conducted 20 uncrewed developmental flights (some using animals), and six successful flights by astronauts. The program, which took its name from Roman mythology, cost $2.57 billion (adjusted for inflation).[1][n 2] The astronauts were collectively known as the "Mercury Seven", and each spacecraft was given a name ending with a "7" by its pilot.


Luna - the Dream series, which achieved escape velocity from the earth in 1959.

Luna 1, also known as Mechta (Russian: Мечта [mʲɪt͡ɕˈta]lit.: Dream), E-1 No.4 and First Lunar Rover,[4] was the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of Earth's Moon, the first spacecraft to leave Earth's orbit, and the first to be placed in heliocentric orbit. Intended as a Moon impactor, Luna 1 was launched as part of the Soviet Luna programme in 1959.

A malfunction in the ground-based control system caused an error in the upper stage rocket's burn time, and the spacecraft missed the Moon by 5,900 km (more than three times the Moon's radius). Luna 1 became the first human-made object to reach heliocentric orbit and was dubbed "Artificial Planet 1"[5] and renamed Mechta (Dream).[6] Luna 1 was also referred to as the "First Cosmic Ship",[5] in reference to its achievement of Earth escape velocity.

Vostok - a series of explorers launched by the USSR, beginning with Vostok I, the first human spaceflight, launched on April 12, 1961.

Vostok I was the first spaceflight of the Vostok programme and the first human orbital spaceflight in history. The Vostok 3KA space capsule was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 12 April 1961, with Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin aboard, making him the first human to reach orbital velocity around the Earth and to complete a full orbit around the Earth.The orbital spaceflight consisted of a single orbit around Earth which skimmed the upper atmosphere at 169 kilometers (91 nautical miles) at its lowest point. The flight took 108 minutes from launch to landing. Gagarin parachuted to the ground separately from his capsule after ejecting at 7 km (23,000 ft) altitude.

Gemini - the first test of a staged spacecraft, April 8, 1964.

Gemini 1 was the first mission in NASA's Gemini program.[2] An uncrewed test flight of the Gemini spacecraft, its main objectives were to test the structural integrity of the new spacecraft and modified Titan II launch vehicle. It was also the first test of the new tracking and communication systems for the Gemini program and provided training for the ground support crews for the first crewed missions.[3]

Originally scheduled for launch in December 1963, difficulties in the development of both the spacecraft and its booster caused four months of delay. Gemini 1 was launched from Launch Complex 19 at Cape Kennedy (now Canaveral), Florida on April 8, 1964. The spacecraft stayed attached to the second stage of the rocket. The mission lasted for three orbits while test data were taken, but the spacecraft stayed in space for almost 64 orbits until its orbit decayed due to atmospheric drag. The spacecraft was not intended to be recovered, and holes were drilled through its heat shield to ensure it would not survive re-entry.

Voskhod - the Sunrise series of crewed space flights, beginning with Voskhod I launched October 12, 1964.

 (Russian: Восход-1, lit. 'Sunrise-1') was the seventh crewed Soviet space flight. Flown by cosmonauts Vladimir KomarovKonstantin Feoktistov, and Boris Yegorov, it launched 12 October 1964, and returned on the 13th. Voskhod 1 was the first human spaceflight to carry more than one crewman into orbit, the first flight without the use of spacesuits, and the first to carry either an engineer or a physician into outer space. It also set a crewed spacecraft altitude record of 336 km (209 mi).

Apollo - was planned to be the first crewed mission, but burned on the launch pad on January 27, 1967.

Apollo 1, initially designated AS-204, was planned to be the first crewed mission of the Apollo program,[1] the American undertaking to land the first man on the Moon. It was planned to launch on February 21, 1967, as the first low Earth orbital test of the Apollo command and service module. The mission never flew; a cabin fire during a launch rehearsal test at Cape Kennedy Air Force Station Launch Complex 34 on January 27 killed all three crew members—Command Pilot Gus Grissom, Senior Pilot Ed White, and Pilot Roger B. Chaffee—and destroyed the command module (CM). The name Apollo 1, chosen by the crew, was made official by NASA in their honor after the fire.


Soyuz - the first crewed spaceflight, launched April 23, 1967, killing the cosmonaut on descent.

Soyuz 1 (Russian: Союз 1, Union 1) was a crewed spaceflight of the Soviet space program. Launched into orbit on 23 April 1967 carrying cosmonaut colonel Vladimir Komarov, Soyuz 1 was the first crewed flight of the Soyuz spacecraft. The flight was plagued with technical issues, and Komarov was killed when the descent module crashed into the ground due to a parachute failure. This was the first in-flight fatality in the history of spaceflight.

Salyut - the Fireworks series, including the first crewed space station in 1971.

The Salyut programme (Russian: Салют, IPA: [sɐˈlʲut], meaning "salute" or "fireworks") was the first space station programme, undertaken by the Soviet Union. It involved a series of four crewed scientific research space stations and two crewed military reconnaissance space stations over a period of 15 years, from 1971 to 1986. Two other Salyut launches failed. In one respect, Salyut had the task of carrying out long-term research into the problems of living in space and a variety of astronomical, biological and Earth-resources experiments, and on the other hand the USSR used this civilian programme as a cover for the highly secretive military Almaz stations, which flew under the Salyut designation. Salyut 1, the first station in the programme, became the world's first crewed space station.

Skylab  - an occupied space station in 1973.

Skylab was the United States' first space station, launched by NASA,[3] occupied for about 24 weeks between May 1973 and February 1974. It was operated by three trios of astronaut crews: Skylab 2Skylab 3, and Skylab 4. Operations included an orbital workshop, a solar observatoryEarth observation and hundreds of experiments. Skylab's orbit eventually decayed and it disintegrated in the atmosphere on July 11, 1979, scattering debris across the Indian Ocean and Western Australia.


Buran - the Blizzard, Space Orbiter program of reusable spacecraft in 1974.

The Buran programme (Russian: Буран, IPA: [bʊˈran], "Snowstorm", "Blizzard"), also known as the "VKK Space Orbiter programme" (Russian: ВКК «Воздушно-Космический Корабль», lit. 'Air and Space Ship'),[1] was a Soviet and later Russian reusable spacecraft project that began in 1974 at the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute in Moscow and was formally suspended in 1993.[2] In addition to being the designation for the whole Soviet/Russian reusable spacecraft project, Buran was also the name given to Orbiter 1K, which completed one uncrewed spaceflight in 1988 and was the only Soviet reusable spacecraft to be launched into space. The Buran-class orbiters used the expendable Energia rocket as a launch vehicle.

Space Shuttle established routine transport for earth to orbit crew in 1981.

The Space Shuttle program was the fourth human spaceflight program carried out by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished routine transportation for Earth-to-orbit crew and cargo from 1981 to 2011. Its official name, Space Transportation System (STS), was taken from a 1969 plan for a system of reusable spacecraft of which it was the only item funded for development.[1] It flew 135 missions and carried 355 astronauts from 16 countries, many on multiple trips.

Mir - the Peace space station, operating from 1986 as the first continuously inhabited long-term research station in orbit.

Mir (Russian: Мир, IPA: [ˈmʲir]; lit. 'peace' or 'world') was a space station that operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001, operated by the Soviet Union and later by Russia. Mir was the first modular space station and was assembled in orbit from 1986 to 1996. It had a greater mass than any previous spacecraft. At the time it was the largest artificial satellite in orbit, succeeded by the International Space Station (ISS) after Mir's orbit decayed. The station served as a microgravity research laboratory in which crews conducted experiments in biologyhuman biologyphysicsastronomymeteorology, and spacecraft systems with a goal of developing technologies required for permanent occupation of space.

Mir was the first continuously inhabited long-term research station in orbit and held the record for the longest continuous human presence in space at 3,644 days, until it was surpassed by the ISS on 23 October 2010.[13] It holds the record for the longest single human spaceflight, with Valeri Polyakov spending 437 days and 18 hours on the station between 1994 and 1995. Mir was occupied for a total of twelve and a half years out of its fifteen-year lifespan, having the capacity to support a resident crew of three, or larger crews for short visits.

Voyager - Interplanetary mission of USA, launched in 1977

Voyager 1 is a space probe launched by NASA on September 5, 1977, as part of the Voyager program to study the outer Solar System and interstellar space beyond the Sun's heliosphere. It was launched 16 days after its twin Voyager 2. It communicates through the NASA Deep Space Network to receive routine commands and to transmit data to Earth. Real-time distance and velocity data is provided by NASA and JPL.[5] At a distance of 162 AU (24 billion km; 15 billion mi) from Earth as of November 2023,[5] it is the most distant human-made object from Earth.[6]

Sojourner Rover - a remote controlled vehicle built to explore Mars in 1997

A Mars rover is a remote-controlled motor vehicle designed to travel on the surface of MarsRovers have several advantages over stationary landers: they examine more territory, they can be directed to interesting features, they can place themselves in sunny positions to weather winter months, and they can advance the knowledge of how to perform very remote robotic vehicle control. They serve a different purpose than orbital spacecraft like Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. A more recent development is the Mars helicopter.

Hubble Space Telescope - launched in 1990 and still in operation

The Hubble Space Telescope (often referred to as HST or Hubble) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation. It was not the first space telescope, but it is one of the largest and most versatile, renowned both as a vital research tool and as a public relations boon for astronomy. The Hubble telescope is named after astronomer Edwin Hubble and is one of NASA's Great Observatories. The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) selects Hubble's targets and processes the resulting data, while the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) controls the spacecraft.[8]

James Webb Space Telescope - launched in 2021

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is a space telescope designed to conduct infrared astronomy. Its high-resolution and high-sensitivity instruments allow it to view objects too old, distant, or faint for the Hubble Space Telescope.[9] This enables investigations across many fields of astronomy and cosmology, such as observation of the first stars and the formation of the first galaxies, and detailed atmospheric characterization of potentially habitable exoplanets.[10][11][12]

The Webb was launched on 25 December 2021 on an Ariane 5 rocket from KourouFrench Guiana. In January 2022 it arrived at its destination, a solar orbit near the Sun–Earth L2 Lagrange point, about 1.5 million kilometers (930,000 mi) from Earth. The telescope's first image was released to the public on 11 July 2022.[13]


The Space Explorers - Latest News!

As time goes by, things get busy when we are anticipating puppies.  There are things to prepare in the whelping room, applications to read, families to call, supplies to order and plenty more.  Each time something significant occurs, I'll post an update here and send a note to the confirmed families.  You are welcome to follow along.  

Breeding date was November 4, 2023.  Although we hoped for puppies, we don't increase food or adjust exercise yet.

Ultrasound confirmation was December 5th.  Nakita is ravenous so we've increased her food at both meals.

Puppy room was prepared December 15th.  I notice that Nakita needs to pee more often  those pups are taking up valuable space.  And she has a little extra belly bump as well.


Questions & Answers for Families

Q: How many puppies do you expect?  When?
A: We saw 6 on ultrasound, but there could be a couple more.  We estimate January 8th +/- 24 hours but Nakita will decide when they are ready.
U: We have 8 healthy pups.  5 males and 3 females.  They were born January 2nd.

Q: When can we pick up our puppy?  What do we need to bring with us?
A: Puppies will be ready to head home at about 8 weeks.  We will set pick up dates well in advance.  Bring a safe puppy carrier or kennel for their trip home.  We will provide a collar & leash.
U: Puppy pick up will be between March 1st and 4th, at 10am, 2pm and 5pm each day, from our home at 2615 S.Peaktop View Dr. in Cottonwood, Arizona.  Please let us know which day and time you prefer.

Q: When do you need our deposit?
A: When you have been approved as a suitable puppy home, and selected for one of the puppies from the current litter, you will receive a Welcome note.  I'll ask for a deposit of 50% at that time.  You can just pop a regular cheque in the mail payable to
Laureen Little,  addressed to
S. Peaktop View Dr., Cottonwood, Az,, 86326. 
U: Families have now been confirmed for all 8 puppies.  Cheques are due at this time.  We will alert the next in line should anyone drop out.

Q: What if we are approved but aren't selected for one of the current puppies?
A: This means that I have more great homes than I need at the moment. There are often folks who drop off once money is payable, so you could still be approved for a replacement home.  Otherwise,   I'll keep you on my list for the next litter and help you to contact other breeders that may have a puppy sooner.

Q: How big will puppy be at pick up?  
A: About 10 lbs at 8-9 weeks old.  A carrier or crate up to 20 lbs. and a Small size collar or harness usually fit at this age.  (A collar & leash will be provided.)

Q: Can pups fly home? drive? be shipped?
A: We will not ship puppies.  This is a big stress at a young age and would be detrimental to their early development.  We can help you arrange to fly with your pup in the cabin, even internationally or overseas.

Q; What food will they be eating? How often?
A: I feed NorthWest Naturals raw beef, turkey  or trout as well as Fromm Chicken a la Veg kibble.  The pups will be used to both of these foods.  They will eat 3 meals a day (breakfast, lunch, dinner) until about 6 months of age.  After that, we transition to 2 meals a day.
U: When looking for a good dry food, check that ingredients include a specified type of meat protein in the first 3 ingredientsWhole chicken or chicken meal for instance is fine.  General meat byproduct or meal is not good.  Watch that rice or a very similar item, ie. brown rice, rice bran doesnt show up more than once in the top 5 ingredients.  Similarly, watch for lentils, peas, soybeans that show up multiple times.  No matter what you choose, switch it up regularly - rotating the protein and manufacturer with each bag.

Q: Are there any foods or ingredients we should avoid?
A: Nakita has a sensitivity to pork and venison.  I suggest avoiding these if possible.  I also skip any foods that show corn or corn meal as one of the first 5 ingredients.

Q: Are there any supplements or treats you recommend?
A: We give PlaqueOff to reduce dental tartar and a good quality ProBiotic to help prevent digestive upsets.  A good source of Omega 3 Fatty Acids is recommended as well.  Make sure this is a high quality product, without lead contaminants and fresh, not rancid.
Regular kibble makes great training treats while they are small.  We provide plenty of raw vegetables (cucumber ends, pepper insides, cauliflower core) at dinner time for variety, training & health benefits.  I like Zuke Minis, or Pet Greens for training and limited ingredient biscuits for a bedtime treat.

Q: Do you allow visitors while the pups are small?
A: We've had puppy visitors from whelping day to go home day.  Let us know if you are in the area and we will make it work - at least a short look at the pups should be possible.  We request you have clean clothes, leave shoes at the front door, wash & sanitize your hands before you enter the puppy room.
U: If you are in the area, give us a call and drop in to visit the puppies. Call or text 403-650-4909

Q: How careful do we need to be with our pup when we get home?
A: Your pup will have their first vaccine but will not be fully protected against Parvo and Distemper.  Avoid all contact with other dogs unless you are VERY confident in their vaccination status.  If you have a shared yard, carry your pup out to an exercise pen with your potty box/area inside until your pup has full protection.

Q: When will we choose our special puppy?
A: Our objective is to find each puppy its best possible home.  We also want to find each family their perfect puppy.  How do we do that?  
At about 7 weeks of age, puppies begin to have more steady reliable personalities.  We do temperament testing at this time.  We note the pup that winds up with excitement vs the one that goes to find a corner to snooze and avoid all the hub-bub.  We look for pups that move quickly or are more vocal vs those that move with care and keep their voice for especially tough situations.
At the same time, we will ask each family about the perfect dog for your home and family.  Will they have a lot of daily activity going on? or is it a quiet home?  Do you plan to compete in sports or enjoy slow days together?  Do you have train tracks or a highway fairly close by that adds to ambient noise?
Once we have the pups assessed and the families described, we will match pups to families.  At this point, we will host a zoom meeting so that you can meet your perfect puppy.
Be assured, all of the puppies are wonderful and you won't be disappointed.

Q: What if we really like the green collar puppy?
A: Think about what it is that attracts you to that puppy.  Is it the size or activity of the pup?  The special colouring or sex?  Let us know about these preferences when we ask for matching information. 
Remember that the right fit is so much more important than the tail shape in your imagination.  Try not to get too invested in any of the pups until you are matched.  Even the runt will grow into a normal sized Entlebucher; it will just take them a little longer.  And the sex is not always the most important thing.
We've been there - watching the red collar and ending up with the green one.  It was a great decision and has been our best dog ever!

Q: How involved is it to breed - just once?  
A: Any dog that is going to breed must complete the health testing as defined by NEMDA at 2 years old.

The owner of the female (the breeder) will select the stud and make the arrangements.  Your stud is more likely to be selected if you have had your dog's semen analyzed for fertility and published with NEMDA.  Let me know if you need help finding a vet to collect your male.
A brucellosis screening blood test will be required to rule out STD's in both dogs.  I can help you find this service.

If you have a male, you just need to make a single date with a girl. Sometimes, she may want 2 or even 3 ties over 3 days for better odds.


If you have a female, it is still possible to breed as a novice.  I am happy to help you select a mate and plan the program.

At a minimum, you will need;

  • A good vet that is close by and available 24/7They must do C-sections and be familiar with dog breeding. 

  • A reproduction specialist with in house progesterone testing within a short drive of home is ideal for timing the meet-up.

  • Time and aptitude to take on a new challenge.

You will need to study dog reproduction & neonatal care to feel confident.  I am happy to be on call for the whelping and coach you through raising the puppies as long as you have a reliable vet available.  

The final priority is finding excellent homes for all of the pups.  Again, I am happy to help.  The earlier you begin to plan, the easier things will go for.  12 months ahead is not too early to start talking about breeding ideas.

Lift Off of The Space Explorers

January 2, 2023

What a surprise we had!  I wasn't expecting puppies until January 8th based on my calculations.  Nakita had other plans apparently.

At  6 am, Ian awoke to a little squeak from Nakita's kennel.  She sleeps beside his side of our bed.  When he investigated, there was a puppy, wet and warm and wriggling!

We got them moved to the whelping box in the puppy room but things stalled.  Since we are an hour's drive from emergency medical help, we packed up and started for the vet's office.

It was an action packed day at the vet's and we came home in the evening with a healthy Nakita and 8 little pups - all healthy.  One is a bit smaller and was needing some help but we have high hopes that we can get him going.


Great job Nakita!  Time for a little relaxation between feedings.

Baby puppies have a unique look - maybe more like squirrels.  They are designed for nursing, with big snout and strong suckling reflex.


Sometimes, their colouring looks off.  I believe that is the dense undercoat that you see peeking out.  The black, sleek top coat may still be growing in.

With their earlier than expected arrival, I suspect these are Nelons's offspring.  We will do DNA testing to confirm.

Painted Space_edited.jpg

The Space Explorers


Soujourner (green)
Apollo (aqua)
Voyager (gold)
Mercury (burnt orange)
Pioneer (purple)


Mariner (raspberry)
Gemini (fluorescent orange)
Hubble (fluroescent pink)


Space Explorer: Mariner
372 g at birth, the biggest at birth.



Space Explorer: Apollo

340 g at birth


Introducing the puppies of the
Space Explorer (D) Litter.

Photos below were taken Thursday, January 4th at 2 days of age. 


Notice that each puppy has unique markings on their face, legs and chest although they are very similar at first glance.  The markings will change a little as they mature and take on more of the characteristics of older pups. 


Right now, with ears and eyes sealed shut,  their snout is their whole world.  It brings them food as well as scents and textures.  We will introduce novel scents this week to grow the area of their brains dedicated to scent detection.  They already know the scent of their mother and maybe mine. 


We keep all cleaning products as scent free as possible.

Space Explorer: Pioneer

333 g at birth


Space Explorer: Mercury
(burnt orange)

320 g at birth


Space Explorer: Voyager

294 g at birth


Space Explorer: Hubble
(fluorescent pink)

284 g at birth


Space Explorer: Gemini
(fluorescent orange)

280 g at birth


Space Explorer: Sojourner

245 g at birth, our smallest puppy.


Good News!

Sojourner was the smallest pup at birth and then lost weight in the first 24 hours. We decided to give him supplemental feedings (tube feeding) on January 3rd including vitamins, pro and prebiotic, high energy and calories.  


Overnight on the 3rd, without any extras, he seemed to pick up and he had regained his birth weight by morning.  Hopefully, he's out of the woods for now.

He seems lively and much more robust with a round, fat belly, as is normal at this stage.

Early Scent Introduction 
starting day 3

During early life, the brain is very plastic and responds to whatever stimuli it receives.  By providing novel scents during the first 14 days, before eyes and ears open, we can enhance the development of the part of the brain dedicated to scent differentiation. 


This may be helpful for dogs that do scent work but is just interesting for the others.  Through out their lives they will benefit from super sniffers!

Scents we have tried / or will consider:

  1. Nelson's scent from his collar

  2. An orange rose petal

  • Horse scent from our brushes

  • My scent from dirty laundry

  • Ian's scent also from laundry

  • Leaves, needles, flowers

  • Dirt, sand, clay, pebbles


The interesting thing is that the objects themselves don't matter.  Nor does it matter what reaction the puppy demonstrates. Sometimes they lean in as if they like the scent and want more while other times they will vigorously throw their head away from the item as if it offends them.


It's the experience and exposure to many unique scents that will build the brain network for future scent identification.

Neonatal Care

January 5, Day 4